WORLD AT A GLANCE by Brij Kaul

CHILE

 According to the World Bank Report Chile has been one of South America’s fastest-growing economies in recent decades. Following neo –liberal reforms in 1980s and 1990s — lowering Taxes ,cutting public benefits and taking a host of other reforms   setting stage for economic renaissance, enabled the country to reduce the population living in poverty (on US$ 5.5 per day) from 30 percent in 2000 to 6.4 percent in 2017. with a brief sluggish growth (1.3%)in 2017,the economy bounced back in 2018 to 4percent.The lower interest rates and higher copper prices revitalized mining production and gave great impetus to the economy.

The central government debt declined for the first time in six years, from 2.7 percent of GDP in 2017 to 1.7 percent in 2018 due to increased revenue.

Despite facing various challenges in different forms Chile Government is making efforts to rationalize the tax system, facilitate employment mobility, improve the pension system , facilitating the linkage between education and lobour market, and strengthening the financial system to maintain growth and any vulnerability to external risks..

On the social front the Governmentt is enhancing the quality of health and education to women for their participation in labour market to alleviate poverty amongst the middle class.

The World Bank helps the Chile Government in implementing a technical and financial assistance programme in areas with a strong impact on development.

For instance in last four years The World Bank has done nearly 30 studies in areas of higher education, health, water, institutional development and land development.

The Financial assistance to the tune of USD50 million dollars to strengthen Public universities and thus put a heavy thrust on higher education.

The number of full-time faculty members who hold PhDs has increased from 5,109 in 2011 to 7,883 in March 2016. Additionally, studies by World Bank experts provided input for key changes in legislation to improve the accreditation quality assurance system and the accountability of institutions,

Additionally, the World Bank is providing USD500million as financial protection for natural disasters like earthquake risks.

The Bank has funded project supported the design of over 45 regional plans, 250 infrastructure projects like roads, water and sanitation, energy and other productive activities in different regions of the country. Approximately 320,000 people benefited from improved infrastructure, land planning and implementation of development programmes.

International Finance Corporation has also helped the country in focussing on the activities with a strong potential for development with reference to small and medium-sized industries, energy, education and agribusiness.

Around 80 ,000 teachers went on strike seeking reform in the education system,as the Chilean law does not ensure education as public right ,hence the private sector exploits the admissions etc through voucher system thus depriving the poor ones from acquiring the rightful education.

Despite all such social drawbacks Chile is on the economic upswing.

 Germany

Descendants from Nazis

The Germany Interior minister Horse Seehofer in.” a statement said “Germany must live up to its historical responsibilities, He wanted to help people whose parents or grandparents had to flee.”   “with the legal degrees which come into force from Friday we will create a swift ruling that is immediately valid for these people to get German Citizenship.” He continued.

Germany will enforce two decrees to make it easier for people, mainly Jews, who fled ,between 1933 and 1945, to Britain, the Nazi regime because of persecution, as well as their descendents to have their German citizenship restored.

The Brexit decision fuelled the campaign by the descendents whose applications for German citizenship have been rejected despite constitutional guarantees provided by the law.

Article 116 (2) of Germany’s Basic Law denotes that former German citizens and their descendents between 1933 and 1945 deprived of their citizenship on political, racial or religious grounds can have their citizenship restored.

Germany currently received more than 1,500 applications from Britain under Article 116 in both 2017 and 2018 and are keen to give their assent to the same thus make amends for the historical mishap.

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THE FOREST OF PINES. BY BRIJKAUL

I walk up the ascending twisting road high

with

merciless Sun laughing a pitiless laugh

overhead the blue sky.

no breeze a close day

moving on at a leisurely pace

in no hurry or race

unmindful of the ascent ahead the way

eager

to be in company of my love

the love of my childhood.

gorgeous glistening glittering

Sangeeta my Sangeeta

 a bewitching beauty

hollering

from the bend of the road

‘come my smarty be my love’

rolling down to catch me, hug me

enroute

to the dense forest of pines.

enticing me more than

rivers temples and shrines

the sloping verdures the environs

Sombre

lull me to a sweet slumber

Sangeeta delightfully delightful

in the shimmering attire

singing love satire

holding

my hands pulling me up the hill

oh my gosh she is so pretty

such a pril.

THE MOUNTAINOUS LASS BY BRIJ KAUL

The mountainous lass

             tumbled down from nowhere

                   with fragile frame and radiant face

           attired in dazzling bright

could

be spotted even in starless

night

 Cupid played its game of midsummer’s

love

I fell for her sensual style

for a while.

 I live by love

just only love

love and love

 love

pervades my mind body

 The sun sliding down hills

ripple of gold and azure

streaks in the waters flowing

by the side of creek.

The moutainous lass

playing hide and seek

crossing the wooden bridge

hid somewhere behind the ridge.

cautiously

I crawl to pounce bounce

upon to frighten her

 

Alas

she was seen no where

trudging along for miles or so

feet swollen soggy sore

could not trace her anymore

Her angel bewitching looks

her coquettish winks

flirtatious smiles

flashed before my eyes

I bemoan looking

up in the skies

 understandably

Cupid playing prank upon me

 I ambled back to my

solitude.

 I live by love

just only love

love and love

 

LIFE A BLIZZARD

BY BRIJKAUL

Life is a blizzard

of

love and laughter

the  peals  of laughter

could be heard and echoed

all along.

Life is a bubbling youth

sensuous serene like hyacinth

emitting scintillating

smile

Do not look behind

the fog and smoke may

engulf  you a captive

of  past repugnant

memories

Even donot look  sideways

you may

be  caught in the melee of past

 Cravings Crimes

Keep moving forward  with the

Present  pleasant times

Life  not a static one  instead moving

on a rapid pace

just to conquer and succeed

the race

to the  desired place..

                                                     Donot look behind

the dark clouds may

push you deep down

into the labyrinth  of

Oblivion.

Soar on to the blues of the

sky

along with the wind and birds

flying high

delving deep into the

  fathom of the universe

A RAVISHING RAGE

Even at this late stage

Ploughing through the long stretch of age

she is still a ravishing rage

I wonder surrender to her debonair delight.

with those fleshy downcast eyes

coquettish  sweet  demeanour

slim  sleek  shy sweet

the stunning glance

 enticing

me to  amble on for a

                    passionate  possessive  sizzling

dance

 to the rhythm of the

    whistling winds.

skidding

 the stone steps in the  small garden

on to the  seashore

holding

 my hand in her hand firmly

we  take a deep

 plunge into the expansive

waters

        the  frothy turbulent waves

            gushing  lapping up to our

             necks.

The tempestuous tides engulfing us

into

its  stormy bosom

and in a flash

toss us to the  distant

shores

tired and torpid

she

dozed off to sweet slumber

resting

her head on my shoulder

I

stare at her flushy

cheeks

the water dripping  profusely

down

her delightfully beautiful

face

glistening in the  intense  sunlight

 I   caressed  her  passionately

  in warm embrace

         ploughing through the long stretch of

age

she is  really a ravishing rage.

I love to loiter

BY BRIJKAUL

MY  IST PRIZE WINNING

SIWO INTERNATIONAL

POETRY CONTEST (FEB20 /2019) POEM .

 

I love to loiter and lounge

around

the emerald mountains and

prance

the long beautiful pastures

in bleary trance.

Loving the ephemeral moments

to my fill

I love to loiter and lounge

around

the dense bushes

unknown unbound

the stillness broken occasionally

,by the cacophony of

the birds animals

shrill of a strong wind.

I love to mingle in the crowds

of the hustling bustling

bazaars.

throbbing with cries of

Vendors men and women

displaying

myriad wares on the

pavements

of the huge macadamized

roads.

Haggling for the prices

With

The women vendors for a good meal of

fishes

my pleasant pastime

enjoying

their fury and frown

Smile and serenity

these amazing selling skills

enthrall me the most.

I love to loiter and lounge

around

the delightful Dal

lake

pedalling on the rippling waters

in a colourful shikara

sipping ‘Kahwa’

looking at the mesmerizing

marvels

of scintillating beauty of the

Nature .

 

 

 

 

 

THE INDIAN PRINCESS WHO SPIED FOR BRITAIN

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Noor –un-Nisa Inayat Khan, suggested as a strong contender for the face of new British pound 50 note, among others like Margatte Thather , Mathematician Alan Turing , physicist Stephen Hawk ,was Indian princess who spied for Britain in the world war 11 successfully.

Born on New Year’s Day in 1914 into royalty to an Indian father and American mother.

A direct descendant of Tipu Sultan ,the Muslim ruler of Mysore India.

She was musician playing piano , and a writer of short stories especially children stories.

She wrote the book “ twenty Jataka tales” in 1939 which established her as a writer.

Jataka Tales relate to the incarnations of lord Budha.

Her father Inayat khan was living in Baroda but left country to teach Sufism in the west. Sufism emphasizes the renunciation of worldly things, purification of the soul and the mystical contemplation of God’s nature.

He married an American lady Ora Ray Baker who changed her name to Begum Amina Sharda .after marriage. During world war 1 Inayat khan moved to Paris and eventually settled there.

Inayat khan died while on pilgrimage in India .

Noor with her mother had to look after the family and her three siblings.

Noor Inayat’s family moved to England in 1939 to volunteer for the war services. At the age of 25 in 1940 she joined the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force    (WA A F) and became radio operator.

She spoke French very fluently and thus was chosen in 1942 to join the special operations Executive(SOE) ,a secret British organization set up to offer resistance to Germany through “espionage and sabotage”.

She was flown to Gemany occupied France to work for the ‘prosper’ with code name ‘Madelina’.Many of her colleagues in the network were arrested soon after but she managed to move from place to place avoiding her detection and capture .

Despite Noor Inayat Khan had worked hard assiduously to master the art of translating Morse codes during combat training but some of colleagues in her intelligence network had second thoughts about her efficacy to do the job efficiently.

Her superior officer , Col.Frank Spooner wrote in her personal file

“Not overburdened with brains but has worked hard and shown keenness, apart from some dislike of the security side of the course. She has an unstable and temperamental personality and it is very doubtful whether she is really suited to work in the field.”

But her excellent radio skills compelled the special operations unit in June 1943 to send her to France under assumed name Jeanne Marie Renier, as a children’s nurse.   Though SOE wanted her to return to Britain but she rebuilt the network on her own. and made great success of her espionage job. She often changed her guise to evade detection .

She sent transmissions from Paris to London constantly and carried her work with great success and conviction conterary to the expections of London superiors.

Her work had assumed greater importance for war efforts to help safe deliveries to come in.

Her work had become crucial to the war effort, helping airmen escape and allowing important deliveries to come in.

In October 1943 Noor Khan was tricked into by a Frenchwoman and arrested by the Gestapo.

She had carelessly, rather unwisely, left the copies of of her secret signals and Germans used her radio to send these straight to the waiting agents in Gestapo. She escaped from the prison but was rearrested a few hours later. And sent to Pforzheim prison in Germany , keeping her chained in solitary confinement .She was tortured to reveal information but she did not yield to any physical torture. On September12, 1944 Noor Inayat along with three other SOE agents were transferred to Dachau concentration camp and on 13th September they were shot dead.

NOOR INAYAT KHAN was just 30 years old .

Noor Khan was posthumously awarded the George Cross in 1949.by Britain and the Croix de Guerre, with gold star, by France.

English Heritage ,a British group is planning to create a blue plaque in her name as a mark of respect.

In France, a primary school in Suresnes has been named after her. In 2014, a documentary, “Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story.” Has been made. The writer Arthur Magida is working on her biography .

In Gordon Square in London, where Khan once lived, there is a statue of her in a quiet corner. It is engraved with the last word she reportedly said before being executed at Dachau — “Liberté.”

Noor Inayat khan lived and died in the dedication of her Duty to the last of her breath.