NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE WORLD AROUND .

GREEN BHUTAN

 

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THE GREEN BEAUTIFUL BHUTAN

Carpeted in forest nestled high up in the eastern Himalayas BHUTAN is one of the the greenest countries in the world.

Amazing Facts;

The forests cover 70 percent of the kingdom and

absorb around three times more carbon dioxide than the country of around 750,000 people emits.

Consequently Bhutan charges tourists $250 per day to avoid mass tourism in order to sustain green environment.

Bhutan is also called as Shangri-La for its magnificent mountainous beauty.

Bhutan , encircled by china one side and India on the other , a tiny kingdom of 14,800 square miles just the size of Maryland.

Bhutan is carbon negative because its work force  is largely engaged in Forestry or agriculture.

By 2020Agriculture is slated to be entirely organic .

By 2030, the country hopes to recycle all of its waste. Bhutan’s constitution stipulates for Gross National Happiness and not bound by economic growth alone.

 

Taking a cue

 China and India jostling, both ,with climate change pollution and what not, can take cue from tiny wise Bhutan and thus increase the forest land following as an compulsory administrative measure with lucrative financial incentives to start with.

Pollution is largely man made problem and needs adequate solutions to wriggle it out to a great extent.

Bhutan’s commendable leadership is laudable as they refuse to budge from the commitment of keeping the kingdom Carbon negative.

The people of this so called Utopian country want democracy for the welfare of society.

The country held ist round of voting in September 2018 and final on 18th October 2018.

The first round results have shocked voters by voting out the party in power and regulating the unknown DRUK NYAMRUP TSHONGE Party  to the forefront runners status.

The youth unemployment ,corruption, abysmal poverty dampened the spirits of people and want  Monarch  to cede power to Prime Minister and Parliament.

The women are battling for the menace of sexism rampant in Bhutanese society.

Women Representation

Out of 188 candidates who fought the primary round of third democratic elections only 18 in September 2018 ,only 18 are women candidates. Women want more of its representatives to be in the Parliament to vouchsafe for their problems of leading safe and respectable lives in sex driven society.

The Bhutanese government through a consultative process, tried to push for 20 percent quota for women but failed to muster support.

 India Bhutan Relations

India ,unfortunately , in july 2013 resorted to withdraw all subsidies on the cooking gas and Kerosene to Bhutan, arguably the unquestioned ally

among the neighbours, thus creating huge crisis in the kingdom and impinging upon the bilateral relations severely.

The cut was seen as a result of Bhutan’s cosying up to Beijing.

However following the visit of the king Jigme Wanchuk, to New Delhi recently, the Govt of India has extended credit facilities to the tune of Rs 1000 crores .

The bilateral relations, since, then has been once again excellent one.

 

AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT

 Nearly 170 Afghans killed  and many more injured in poll-related violence on Saturday ,20th October 2018.

Most of the killings were in Kabul in multiple explosions , as per acting health Ministry spokesman Mohibullah Zeer.

Amidst the threat from Taliban the voting has been extended to Sunday in 360 polling centres across the country.

Despite the threat of violence large number of voters turned up at the polling centres to caste their votes.

Seventeen years ago, President George W. Bush sent American troops to fight out permanently the Islamic Jehadis.

US diplomats are currently holding high level talks with Taliban to end the bitter long fighting .

America desires to keep its hold on Afghanistan .

Taliban wants America and other allies to quit the country so that they could rule the country accordingly.

Afghans would like to have full say in running the country affairs without any hindrance from outside either from Washington or elsewhere.

But US argues that American presence is needed to ensure that Taliban doesnot fail to follow through the deal provisions clause by clause after negotiating a deal with American negotiators.

American point of view is valid as lookingto the deadly attack carried out by Taliban on Provincial governor’s compound in Kandhar on Thursday. This deadly attack killed   not only Kandhar police chief Abdul Raziq but also tried to target the US Army. General chief Austin Miller who escaped unhurt by the providence of nature.

 

Conclusion

But peace seems inevitable as both sides are tired of fighting the unending long war.

The UN disclosed in its survey that atleast 8000 Afghan

Civilians have been killed fighting through September this year alone.

Let us hope sanity rules the warring groups finally and both work assiduously for much awaited  indestructible durable peace bringing tranquility to the Afghans at last.

 

THE WORLD AT A GLANCE

South Africa

 South Africa’s ruling party ANC (African National Congress) Chairman Gweda Mantashe supported the Party’s controversial plans to re-possess land from white farmers who possess land more than 30,000 acres individually , the excess land to be redistributed among the black citizens.

Speaking to south Africa’s News 24 ,Gweda further explained that the step is being taken as a conciliatory gesture in recognition of the Colonial oppression of black citizens under apartheid.

According to UK’s Express News , Mantashe said  a constitutional amendment will be required before enforcing the act of re-possessing excess land from the white farmers.

Currently black people of South Africa possess only 4% of the private land while 72% is owned by the whites , and 24% by other ethnic groups.

While some hail it as correcting historical wrongs , imbalances heaped on black Africans ,others fear that similar Programme in Zimbabwe destroyed its economy.

The issue of land distribution is very emotive over a period of two decades in South Africa after apartheid.

However AfriForum’s leader Ian Cameron warned the plans to seize land from farmers would spark “anarchy”.

AfriForum is an organization in SouthAfrica founded in 2006 to work for solidarity of trade union.

AfriForum leader Ian Cameron reacted angrily saying, “ we are heading for   state of anarchy if something does not change drastically .There are places where the police simply refuse to act. They do not know the law well enough or refuse to apply it to logical reasoning when it comes to defending people’s property.”

The South African President   Mr Cyril Ramaphosa however refuted the fears by saying “there is no need to panic and start beating the war drums “.

Chile

Chile is lately surging with the influx of immigrants — 4,60,000 in 2015 to nearly 2 million last year as per voice of America.

The figure is more than double what Germany had in 2015 when refugees poured in .

In Chile the immigrants form 7% of the population.

It may sound intriguing a bit , but Chile, Continent’s wealthiest per capita country is home to the largest Palestinian community outside the Middle East.

As US President  Mr Trump blew the bugle to curb immigration ,the other Latin American richest country opened its arms to welcome the region’s poorest migrants with full gusto.

The Chile’s ageing population and the age old cultural of readily accepting newcomers ,thereby assimilating them  in the mainstream, are some of the factors that made Chile to welcome the migrants without rancor or remorse.

The Palestinians by dint of their hardwork have risen to be extremely prosperous and influential ones both in politics as well as industry.

Chile has been the fast growing economies in Latin America in the recent decades. Reduced poverty from 26 %% to 7.9 between 2000 to 2015.

Due to decline in copper prices the GDP fell from 6.7% in 2015 to 1.6% in 2016.

But as copper prices increase again GDP is expected to be on its proper rail soon.

In order to reduce its dependency on the copper exports Chile is diversifying its immigration policy to be technological driven in order to be technical hub in south America

Hence Chile new visa system for technocrats and enterpreneurs make the country more attractive.

Thus just to hedge its bets by diversifying its economy the START UP Chile began slowly in 2010 and now has gained more traction for 2017. As a result more than 1300 STARTUPS already in operation in different fields in eight years.

The President of Chile, Mr Sebastian Pinare is determined to invite the US giants Apple ,Google ,Amazon to make investments and help  build up Chile an economic giant of South America.