PUNE THE CITY OF DREAMS by BrijKaul

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Pune  The most liveable city.

On the clear October afternoon day 2019, I visited a small hillock on the side of Parvati in Pune for spending an hour or so in peace and tranquility.

This is the place one can have an overview of almost entire city swathed in greenery of monsoon rains.

Below me the city with its criss -cross bazaars, blaring horns, the grisly roads with open drainage culminating towards swollen rivers, looked a sprawling one. The skyline has assumed alarming proportions.

The city looked gorgeously green .

I could see one more distant range of hills followed by a stretch of plains, a fascinating view.

The clouds started gathering and the sky was overcast .

A loud growling followed by a lightening , instantly it began to rain, a cold steel rain.

I took to my heels literally and did not give hoots to the beautiful surroundings, but hurried to get on to main road and continued to walk on looking for a cover to avoid being drenched in the awful spattering rains. The chaotic traffic of cars, two wheelers ,where every vehicle was trying to overtake the other ,the honking of horns plunging the street into deafening noise center much to the displeasure of pedestrians.

Among the generality of Indian males ,I am medium sized—five feet five ,very wide of shoulder and eventually because of my size I could take brisk strides and run in between the thickly rains for getting on to take refuge under a cover.

I did manage to stand in the corner of a sweet shop. There was a sizable crowd already, a couple making way for me with a wry smile. Puneites are friendly people and very conciliatory especially to senior citizens.

The rains continued pouring down and did not seem to abate at all.

Recently Pune had rains without any warning and the city almost got drowned with hundreds of vehicles being carried away in the fierce rains and the winds that was not less than any hurricane.

I watched the dripping trees and the clouds coming down over the distant valley giving it a hazy look all around.

As I was standing waiting for rains to stop,I heard someone calling me not far away “ kaul sahib, kaul sahib here I am Prasad”

I saw a tall hefty man coming towards me and standing face to face, I stared at him with a glimmer of remembrance in my eyes ,I recognized him instantly. “ hello Prasad how are you here.” I asked, little puzzled. He was carrying an umberalla big enough to take me underneath.

we walked into a nearby restaurant for a strong sweet tea with hot Kachoris.

“ So Prasad tell me what are you doing now.”I said with a beaming smile. “ ah! cannot believe seeing you after 35 years.it is amazing unbelievable” I continued startled .

“Me too “ Prasad replied with a guffaw.

Prasad was my head inspector in Jg glass factory long back in 1970’S, good at job and a great singer. He was handsome tall with wrestler’s body having six pack muscles, very affable in nature, a pleasant lively smile lit up his face all the time.

I being the head of quality department, he was very obedient and respectful subordinate.

we had a long conversation over a few steaming cups of teas.

“ I could educate my only son to be an engineer and he has become GM of an MNC from Germany, kaul sir” he declared with some sense of pride.

“ you can call me kaul only ,no need to say sir Mr Prasad. you are my friend and one time colleague’ I corrected him

“ no kaul sahib you are my sir all the time. It was your constant drumming that motivated me to educate my son Ravinder.” He said apologetically.

“ do you still sing? “

“ yes I do “

“can you sing that Rajesh khanna song” I asked

and he started singing in his profoundly melodous voice.

“ Tum ne kaajal lagaya Din mein Raat ho gayi chup gaye Tare nazare oye kya baat ho gayi .”

The other guests turned their heads to listen him and cheered him for his singing the Bolly -wood block buster of yesteryears.

As Prasad emerged a singing celebrity in the small crowd ,engrossed in the new found fame,  I went into a reverie to ramble through my memories about my first encounter with bright and beautiful Pune.

I walked into Pune ,the city of my dreams, ‘Pensioner’s Paradise’ , ‘the queen of Deccan’ as popularly called those days, on 21st june 1961 to look after my ailing sister shanta whom I called fondly Bengashi. 

My father had coaxed and cajoled me to take the vexed long trip to assist my brother in law Raj nath Wakhaloo ,who had moved into the city in 1959 on Govt of India assignment in Post and Telegraph Pune division. Raj nath ji popularly known as Wakhaloo Sahib, a typical Kashmiri Brahmin, tall handsome ,with chiselled features a long straight nose , dimpled chin ,liked the city and its people , its mild climate and hilly topography .

My brother in law, JEEJAJI, was waiting for me in the pleasant morning at the Pune station.

I walked the platform and hugged him ,thanking him profusely for coming to greet me in the early morning.

We went to home ,a small low ceiling ill ventilated one room rented apartment in Soomwar-peth in the city. His office was at a stone’s throw from the residence hence the choice of hiring that apartment.

After dropping my luggage, and having a hurried brief breakfast ,we drove down to the Dr Karve Clinic at the foothills of Parvati ,where my sister Bengashi was admitted. My sister was glad to see me and hugged me intensely, the tears flowing down her cheeks profusely.

she was having clot on the lower leg and being under treatment of DR KARVE, one of the best doctors of Pune at that time.

I was supposed to look after my sister as my brother in law J e e j a j i was attending office.

I successfully completed my assignment to my best ability, looking after my beloved sister with ease and comfort. Went to Kashmir back after nearly two months.

At that time I could have n e v e r imagined Pune would be my permanent home town some day.

As providence would have it I got my first job in Pune as management trainee way back in 1970 in a glass container manufacturing unit after great efforts and started liking to live in Pune.

My sister’s prayers worked for my settlement .

I lived in Meera Society near Shanker Seth road, a new decent colony with built in spacious apartments of most advanced building technology.

Here I struck acquaintance with Mr Pran Tickoo working as a senior engineer in Tata Locomative engineering company . We soon became great pals and spent lot of good time together ,mostly enjoying ‘Boti kababs’, ‘tandoori chicken’ and many niceties at Dipen’s barbaquee run by an affable Punjabi couple close to Petrol pump on Shanker Seth road. Pran  Tickooji had flair for attending to social activities and displayed leadership qualities and enjoyed doing so very much. Currently associated with many such social platforms  contributing his mite to the good of society. 

Pune city was very alluring beautiful with almost no traffic and big broad roads ,having hilly background with trees all along the routes making beautiful long avenues to look at.

It had shades of my Srinagar city ,with Parvati hill standing in the heart of city like Hari Parbat of Srinagar city. The pleasant weather was one more similarity to my Kashmir.

Pune is the second largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai, with nearly 5.05 miliion population currently. Situated 1840 feet above sea level on the Deccan plateau on the right bank of Mutha river.

Pune has profound no of Nicknames ‘ Oxford of East’ ‘ Queen of Deccan ‘ so on and so forth

with its cool sizzling climate, vibrant greens adding tantalizing serenity to the Nature, Pune stands out a thriving city to live in .

Pune is always young with its young student population, and is nerve center of arts crafts ,offering opportunities for jobs, research and has been a commercial hub for many industries.

 

I woke up from my reverie and called for Prasad ,who seemed completely absorbed and enjoying the new found popularity.

“shall we make a move now” I blurted out to Prasad .

“yes sir yes sir” he replied briefly.

The rains had stopped and I looked for an auto rickshaw to take me to my residence in Bibwewadi.

Prasad called for one and I squeezed in and it zoomed away without allowing me even to say goodbye, with a foreboding of having seen Prasad for the last time.

 

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TRUMP BUMPS ON THE ROPE OF IMPEACHMENT INQUIRY. BY BRIJ KAUL

Trump Donald and his coterie were taken aback by the swift rapid move of House Speaker Nancy Pelosis towards impeachment inquiry of President Trump.

President Trump is best being described as egomaniac—egocentric ,would like to see everything revolving around him.

“Let me tell you, the one that matters is me,” Trump said in an interview that aired on Fox News in November 2017. “I’m the only one that matters.”

That hubris finally caught up with Trump this week when in his nonchalant style he authorized to release the transcript of his july call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky,that implies in clear terms ,the effort by an American President to pressuarise a foreign leader to look into corruption allegations against a potential 2020 opponent candidate former vice president Joe Bidden ,and his son,Hunter.

The transcript sent shock waves across the political spectre of America, forcing the Republicans to keep almost in hiding to avoid controversial statements, whereas the Democrats were emboldened to stick to their announcement of plans to conduct formal impeachment inquiry against the President Trump.

however on Tuesday following House speaker Nancy Pelosisi’s announcement holding impeachment inquiry,the decision spurred number of questions among Americans across the country about the process and whether Trump could get run for re-election etc.

“The facts changed the situation and they cannot be ignored,” Pelosi said Friday during the interview. “We weigh the equities—I never thought he was worth it.”

 

The American Constitution says impeachment can happen for these reasons:“The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.””

But the Constitution experts left it open for lawmakers to decide in the moment how to define that. Which means Congress can define “high crimes and misdemeanors” however it wants, and it doesn’t have to be an actual crime. I think it’s important to remember impeachment is a political process, not a criminal one. , It’s also the only way to punish a president, given there’s a decades-old legal theory that a sitting president can’t be indicted.

According to CNN’S NEW NATIONAL POLL,is that more and more people are for impeachment of Donald Trump roughly 49% believe that Democrates are rightly pursuing impeachment because they think Trump has crossed the line.

However 43% Americans believe REPUBLICAN opposition to Trump’s impeachment is not based on genuine belief that he did nothing untoward to justify impeachment.

On impeachment On Monday, Mr. Trump reacted aggressively to the scrutiny around his dealings with Ukraine. He went to the extent warning that his removal could spark “civil war.”

 The House Democrats issued a subpoena demanding Mr Trump’s private lawyer produce documents ,communications and other records. The whistle-blower is expected also to testify possibly behind the closed doors .

Trump in his conversations with the reporters at the United Nations admitted withholding nearly $400million in aid to Ukraine to fight corruption and urge the European Nations like France and Germany specially to “put up money” in aid to Ukraine.

The matter being part of whistleblower complaint ,democrats demanding more information on the subject that could help their inquiry of impeachment against Trump.

 

CONCLUSION

Trump is in agitative mood as every data point towards his downfall.

Trump is trying his best to change the current narrative engrossing his impeachment inquiry through his tweets. let us watch intently the fate of this big wig in the days to come.

Source          NYT, REUTER, TIME

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOKHSABHA ELECTIONS AND AFTERMATH By Brij Kaul

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi, pulled off a resounding victory in the general elections for Bhartiya Janta Party winning 303 seats, a record in itself for the party since its inception way back in early fifties.

( In 1951 Shyama Prasad Mukherjee founded Jan Sangh ,which much later was renamed Bhartiya Janta Party . In 1952 Jan Sangh won 03 seats in the election.)

The Congress, in contrast, was routed despite Rahul Gandhi’s spirited untiring campaign against the mighty BJP.

The rout of the congress is more unpalatable in view of Congress victories in the Hindi heartland states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh in straight fights with BJP just four months back.

The results largely indicated that the voters treated the 2019 Lok Sabha elections differently than assembly ones, though differential treatment is not commonly observed in Indian political scenario.

Normally the party that wins state elections is winning the Lok Sabha elections as well.

But this time the election was fought more personality centric rather than on the issues facing the nation and the people at large.

Rahul Gandhi by quitting as President of the Congress Party has demonstrated his sincerity in accepting his defeat and relinquishing office of power on “accountability “ and thus setting an example in itself for the present power hungry politicians not in India only but all over the world who love to go overboard to cling to power any way.

That again keeps him par apart from the run of the mill leaders.

Also looking at the Congress Party’s apathy for not finding his adequate replacement for more than eight weeks now has manifested to a great extent that he was holding the pedestal position on his own merits rather than on the “dynasty” tag.

In his four page resignation letter he has attempted to address to the Congress Party failures.

The letter says “I personally fought the Prime Minister, the RSS and the institutions they have captured with all my being… At times, I stood completely alone and I am extremely proud of it,” he writes. Gandhi does not stop here. He goes on: “We did not fight a political party in the 2019 election. Rather we fought the entire machinery of the Indian state, every opposition of which was marshalled against the opposition. It is now crystal clear that our once cherished institutional neutrality no longer exists in India”. He further writes “

“I personally fought the Prime Minister, the RSS and the institutions they have captured with all my being… At times, I stood completely alone and I am extremely proud of it,” thus accepting at the lacunae of Congress Party ‘s efforts .

The failure in finding a successor to Rahul Gandhi is hurting the party badly in states like Karnataka, Goa .The Congress leaders both old and young ones are reluctant to come out of the respective safety zones and work with zeal and zest to galavanise the party to its semblance.

The younger leaders do not want the old guards to take charge and hence in a fix as how to break the shackles.

The 2019 results show a definite pro- BJP shift in the India’s body polity. The Party’s vote share was 37% overall.

Normally The Congress has been fighting more seats than BJP. But this time BJP had contested 436 seats and the congress only 421 seats suggesting for the first time a bigger political presence than the Congress. The BJP leders have been able to drive unprecedented large chunk of Hindu voters to consolidate behind BJP and its allies. , thus managing successfully to torpedo the dominance of Congress on the Indian Political spectrum thus making religion–based approach to politics in contrast to Congress’s inclusive politics. Having said so The Congress did manage to get nearly 21% (12 crores )of votes for its vociferous campaign for inclusive politics looking to the multi religious ,multi lingual , multi caste geographical structure of India.

That was not enough to browbeat the mighty BJP who got around 37% (22crores) votes to enjoy a graceful victory after a long time probably first time in the election annals.

Now with full majority BJP should relentlessly devote its energies to the development and building infrastructure to push the country further towards progress and prosperity.

Conclusion

BJP should not fritter away this magnificient opportunity rather use it to bolster the economy to new heights and thus alleviate the poorest of poor from the abysmal poverty, hunger and deprivation.

It is well known fact that big business men of this country  have every time stood by the Govts of the day and thus pedaled off their   ambitious projects to successful ends.

The recent Tax terrorism started by the Govt has driven one of the biggest entrepreneurs to commit suicide.

The Income Tax authorities need to be tough but friendly to impress upon such people to pay the taxes without harassment as such. The Govt needs to have a re-look on the procurement mechanism of unpaid taxes so that people volunteer to come forward to pay taxes gladly.

On the political front, BJP’s image as a party with vision is badly impaired. This is on account of ,first ,toppling of Karnataka State Govt and secondly because of the way Kuldeep singh Senegar case was handled. He ought to have been expelled long ago for bringing disgrace to the Party.

It is not enough to give lecture on morality every month by the honoured PM but prevent untoward happenings being practiced by ruthless politicians on ground.

The PM Narender Modi should be alert enough to address to the vulgarity of rape and child abuse.

On the reckless chatter of troop movements in Kashmir Valley ,a rumour is being surfaced in Srinagar that Govt is intending to do something with the special status ,let us wait and watch what is in the offing for the people of the valley at last.

DONALD TRUMP AND KIM JONG ON PEACE MISSION By Brijkaul

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Trump  and  Kim  Jong in deep conversation  in North Korea. Sunday .

 

American President Trump’s brief encounter with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in North Korea’s fortified demilitarized zone on Sunday (30/6/19) seen as a major move to bring two warring American and North Korean diplomats to the negotiating table. The two leaders agreed to re-start the negotiations.

Greeted by an agile smiling Mr. Kim, the president stepped at 3:46 p.m. local time and walked about 20 paces to the base of a building on the North Korean side for starting long stalled talks in an unprecedented friendly manner.

“It is good to see you again,” an excited hopeful Mr. Kim told the president . “I never expected to meet you in this place.”

“Big moment, big moment,” Mr. Trump replied back

Mr. Trump soon after escorted Mr. Kim over the line into South Korea, slipping inside the building known as Freedom House for a private conversation along with President Moon Jae-in of South Korea. The meeting lasted over an hour

Mr. Trump said he would invite Mr. Kim to visit him at the White House.

“This has a lot of significance because it means that we want to bring an end to the unpleasant past and try to create a new future,” Mr. Kim told reporters. “So it’s a very courageous and determined act.”

“Stepping across that line was a great honor,” Mr. Trump replied. “A lot of progress has been made, a lot of friendships have been made, and this has been in particular a great friendship.”

Mr. Trump clarified he and Mr. Kim had agreed to designate negotiators to resume talks in the next few weeks. The American team would be led by Stephen Biegun, the special envoy , however the North Korean side head was yet to be announced.

Trump had already plans to meet Kim Jong in DMZ during his trip to South Korea but he protrayed it as a spontaneous decision in his usual flamboyant manner.  Source  N.Y.T

Background to Korean dispute.,P

it is necessary to know background to Korean dispute visa vis Japan and recently with USA.

Korea was ruled by Japanese Imperial Government under Japan –Korea annexation treaty in 1910 until the second world war in 1945, resulting in South Korea and North Korea. separated by DMZ .South Korea being patronized by Japan and United states and North Korea by Soviet Union and China. Later The Soviet Union influence wanned and China remains the sole mentor .

Recently there were positive efforts by the leaders of both South Korea and North Korea to discuss inter-Korea relations and to take positive steps towards denuclearization.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and Moon Jae-in of South Korea met for 3 days summit in Pyongyang on 18th September 2018 to deliberate on reunification of two Koreas. A delgation of 50 leaders in business and politics,sports culture from South Korea met the counter part from North Korea and recognized the importance of fostering trust a common vision for building good relations and thus lay strong foundation for ultimate reunification.

Trump visualized the role of United States to ease the long standing dispute and thus supported Moon Jae –in’s efforts for reconciliation .

Trump’s Gamble

Trump virtually gambled that the gesture of amity could break the nuclear logjam underlying his faith in the  prowess of his diplomatic skills even to deal with kooky persons like Kim Jong-un.

More than halfway through his term, Mr. Trump is hoping against hope that a resolution to the vexed problem apart from bringing much awaited peace finally, could also yield dividends to his re-election campaign.

Even a modest success in reconciliation with North Korea would mean a lot to uphold his grip over his critics who are hell bent on not giving any credit to Trump for reducing the tension with North Korea.

Although Mr. Trump was confident that nobody can deny the fact that during his tenure North Korea has suspended nuclear tests, released detained American soldiers and handed over to the United States the remains of American soldiers killed in the war.

“There’s no reason to regard the current situation as a stalemate in the peace process on the peninsula just because the pace has remained slow,” said South Korean President Moon Jae-in. All others agreed broadly that tension has reduced in the region and Mr Moon praised Mr Trump as “the peace maker of the Korean Penunsula”

The Singapore meeting between Mr Trump and Mr Kim was a step towards reconciliation and some possible promises to eliminate Pyongyang’s nuclear arsenal. Their second meeting in Hanoi was complete failure as Kim did not comply with the promises made in first meeting.

The stalemate continued for a long time.

But suddenly in the recent past weeks Mr Kim exchanged some letters with Mr Trump promising some positive upbeat in the diplomatic relations.   source   Politico  Times of India

Conclusions.

The Bromance between two leaders finally made possible the third meeting in North Korea on 30th June 2019. hoping to resolve the long standing conflict amicably.

Mr. Kim said he knew nothing about a possible meeting until the president’s tweet.

“I don’t think this kind of surprise meeting would have happened without the excellent personal relationship between your excellency and me,” he told Mr. Trump in Freedom House.

Though the path to peace remains slow but both leaders show renewed enthusiasm and determination to overcome the fiery rhetoric and long standing animosity with peace and love letters .

KASHMIR IN NEVER ENDING TURMOIL BY BRIJ KAUL

Enduring  28 years of insurgency ,Kashmir is numbed to the state of never ending  turmoil  and violence.

Majority of peace loving Kashmiris  are mere hapless spectators to the tragedies being inflicted by the terrorists . 

Recently a statement of National Conference leader ,vice president of NCP ,Omar Farooq Abdullah while addressing election  rally in Bandipora,  stated  in case of abrogation of Article 35A ,he would like to revert back  to the  position of PM and Sadar-e-Riyasat  that J&K enjoyed  way  back in fiftees and early sixtees, caused ripples in the political corridors of  the country.

 Prime Minister Mr Modi reacted angrily   at a rally  ,tweeting as well “ National Conference wants two PMs 1 in Kashmir and 1 for the rest of India –Till Modi is there ,no one can divide India”.

Prime Minister of J&K

J&K had its own Prime Minister and Sadar-e-Riyasat till 1965. In 1965 when J& K constitution was amended ,(probably sixth  J&K Constitution Amendment Act 1965) by then Congress government  which replaced two positions with Chief Minister  and the Governor. Mr G.M. Sadiq  was first chief Minister   and Mr Karan singh  the Governor  of J&K in 1965.

 Sadr-e-Riyasat

The J&K  Constitution was adopted  on November 17  1957 .

  On June 10 1952 the “ the basic principles Committee “ recommended  that “the institution of hereditary rulership  shall be terminated” and “the head of  state shall be elective”. ON June 12  1952 the constituent assembly unanimously adopted the report.  and resolved henceforth  the head of state named  Sadr-e-Riyasat  would be elected  by the legislative  Assembly for a period of five years. and recognized by the President of India. However New Delhi on july 24 1952 agreed to allow J&K to recognise  an elected Sadr-e – Riyasat instead of appointed Governor. once elected by the legislative Assembly,the Sadr- e- Riyasat had to be appointed by the President of India.

under the sixth amendment to the J&K  constitution   carried out in 1965  a fundamental change was made to its basic structure and  as a result of amendment the Sadr-e-Riyasat was changed to Governor  across the J&K constitution.

The  Prime Minister of  J&K after independence (October 1947  to March 1948) was Meher chand  Mahajan. He was replaced by Shaikh Mohammad Abdullah ,who had been head of the administration .

When Abdullah was arrested  on 9THAugust 1953 ,Bakshi  Ghulam Mohammad was appointed the Prime Minister who ruled Kashmir till 1963 .

In 1953 , the author , being just eight years old was living temporarily in Anant Nag  with my  married sister and at the time of arrest of Shaikh Mohammad Abdullah sahib was incidently  taking bath in the blue waters of Nag Bal Spring. The Purohit of the Nag Bal informed all to leave the premises  immediately. In helter skelter  I ran away barefeet leaving my wooden patten( footwear worn by kashmiris)  behind.  

Days after when calm was restored  I collected the  same wooden footwear  lying undisturbed at the right spot. 

    Indian Provincial Prime Ministers

Not only  Jammu & Kashmir  but all Indian Provinces had a Prime Minister till 26th Jan 1950 when India was proclaimed as Republic of India.  After that the nomenclature was changed to  Chief Minister.

Since 1937,when Indian Govt was under British yoke each Province  was headed by a Prime Minister.

The  historic Government of India Act 1935 was passed in the British Parliament  and had provided for the position of Provincial Prime Ministers.

British India was divided into 11 Provinces namely 

Bombay ,Bengal,  Madras,  United  Provinces ,Punjab, Central Provinces , Assam ,Northwest Frontier, Bihar ,Orissa, Sind .

In the provinces, there was  to be full democracy  in  running of the day to day administrative matters.

The flaw of the unelected  governor  having a right to dismiss a popular government and take over the administration ironically still exists in modern India under the name “President’s Rule”.

So there were eleven Prime Ministers till the proclamation of Republic of India on 26th January 1950.

In August, 1947, however, as part of the transfer of power from British to Indian hands, India appointed  Pt  Jawahar lal Nehru  as Ist  Prime Minister of  Independent India.

Conclusions

The years 2016 and 2017 saw great spurt in the fatalities of both soldiers as well as  civilians.

The year 2018 witnessed bloodiest terror related  violence. Kashmir situation is beyond riddance.

 The rise in radicalisation in the valley is direct result of Delhi’s non engagement with the people of the valley thus losing the Midas touch to heal the relations  on sound basis.

 This is the ripe time to strengthen the hands of moderates in the valley , a grave mistake to ignore pro-dialogue separatists and thus push  them into the lap of insurgents.  All these retrograde steps could be detrimental to the ultimate peace.  

Delhi needs to refurbish its image and policy of reconciliation towards Kashmir and bring some  semblance to the dying spirit of the valley to silence the demand of restoration of J&K’s autonomy to its original state’s 1953 position .  Since Kashmir is on the brink of  extreme alienation and thus  needs  to be moored to the Indian banks permanently .

UNDERSTANDING KASHMIR PREDICAMENT

Every morning Kashmir wakes up to the  rattle and boom of guns ,a beautiful but cursed valley nestled in the Himalayas, for the  last three decades now , as  a result of  militancy  aided and abetted by the belligerent Pakistan. 

The terrorists have infiltrated deep inside Kashmir and create violence against the Indian soldiers day in and day out.   There is miasma of  despair and  de s p o d a n c y  writ large on the faces of Kashmiris and all over Kashmir.

Armed  Paramilitary soldiers on the streets fighting radicalized local militants along with terrorists from Pakistan, hartals and protests at the behest of separatists and Hurriyat leaders have  made life very difficult for the average Kashmiri .who believes in peace and tranquility for one and all.

Nearly three wars have been fought  so far between the two countries and  the enemity is deep  rooted and no sign of rapprochement in the offing to come through.

Violence and anxiety has flared up again in Jammu and Kashmir following the lobbing of a grenade  at a crowded bus stand in Jammu on Thursday 7th March 2019.,killing two persons and injuring more than 30.

The  Jammu and Kashmir  Police  identified  the suspect as 13 year old  Kashmiri militant from south Kashmir ‘s Kulgam , had been  arrested immediately. He was  ordered  by the  Hizbul Mujahideen commander to carry  out the dreadful task.

According to the advisor (home department) J&K Governor ,K.Vijay Kumar told press reporters in Srinagar  “ the accused is an ordinary youngster  and made into a mercenary”.       source  Indian Express.

Interestingly around the same time, a video  of two men wearing saffron shirts  beating Kashmiri street vendors in the northern Indian city of Lucknow  went viral .

The two incidents heightened the tensions in the region and incidentally bound to stoke  hatred and animosity between Hindus and Muslims before flaring into a communal riot.

India is still in a war like situation though temporarily eased out by the return of  our IAF Pilot  MR Abhinandan Varthaman safely on a good friendly gesture by Pakistan. Hence both sides posturing only  but in reality neither  wants   a war at the moment.

There is tendency  to draw distinction between external security and internal security.  but a closer view will determine that  condition of one has an impact on the other. In other words any kind of laxity on internal security has terrible repercussions on the external security more paramount for the safety of the nation.

This is what exactly happened in relation to the internal administration of Kashmir.

Terrorism in Kashmir has been a great threat for last three decades and has eaten like a moth  into the  country’s  internal security .

It continues to be so  as we witnessed the Pulwama holocaust where 40  paramilitary  personnel were killed in  by a suicide bomber.

Earlier also there were threats of Maoism ,contained to a large extent now, if not eliminated in totality , the  separatism in Punjab in the 1980’s was wiped out in the state  completely.   The language problem,most flagrant one one time, a lot of lives lost in Tamil Nadu, was solved with great alacrity and in right spirit .

Why Kashmir impasse cannot be solved  ?

In dealing with Kashmir impasse we need to follow two pronged strategy in resolving  the same for good.

1/  Firmness and determination in elimination of terrorism in the state.

2/  To follow a conciliatory policy and taking confidence building measures with fairness towards the people of Kashmir .

The firmness and determination in elimination of terrorists and terrorism calls for complete sealing off  both international  Border as well as Line of Control. The military strategists in confidence with the Ministry of Defence should be able to draw up plans of action to thwart  infiltration in totality.

 Right from building impregnable barriers to more often surgical strikes could be thought some of the provisions among many others to be decided by the Military Generals. and the experts.

currently the  infiltration is very high .The year 2017 there were 136 infiltrations and in 2018 upto October  only it was 128.The year ending report could be much more.

As far as J&K is concerned  the current policy of  muscular militaristic may be good at controlling at the borders but not vis -a -vis in dealing with the people of the valley.  As on today it has driven young men to more radicalization and into the lap of militant groups .

The people need to be weaned away and to be developed  into a patriotic citizens.  

The feeling  of alienation among Kashmiris  young and old is undeniable.

The alienation of youth however  needs to be addressed otherwise the situation will acquire larger proposition without any recourse to normalcy. Pakistan could use the radicalized youth in a more  lethal way to foment Taliban like militancy.in the state.

CONCLUSIONS;

The  Pulwama attack has been responded adequately by attacking Jaish –e-Mohammad camps in Balakot.and the expected Pakistani counter there by establishing its blatant belligerency.But the return of IAF Pilot immediately quietened the war like situation though temporarily.

 As of now crisis is blown over.

 With the LOK SABHA elections in the offing –11th April , as announced by the Election Commissioner, The Govt in place BJP will try to derive advantage on PM  Narender Modi’s decisiveness and the opposition would try to deny him to cash on it.

In the melee of elections  India should not forget to put relentless diplomatic pressure on  Pakistan through world leaders  to be black listed  in case it does not stop offering even a modicum of shelter to the terrorists growing on their soil.  

PULWAMA HOLOCAUST

On 14 the February, 2019 a local radicalized Kashmiri youth Suicide bomber terrorist having links with JEM (Jaish-e-Mohammad) of Pakistan struck at  Pulwama , Kashmir ,killing 40 Indian security forces instantly. Thus causing a biggest ever loss of lives in the three decade old militancy in Kashmir .

A very sight of the body bags calls for remorse ,anger and revenge.

To gauge the background of Jaish –e- Mohammad it is imperative to recall the implications of the rude shock of releasing  Masood Azhar, the prized terrorist  in January 2000 along with other two terrorists in exchange for passengers and crew of hijacked Flight IC184,from Kathmandu to Kandhar.

The eight day hostage of the passengers was  a saga full of agony and more painful to see India’s  external Affairs minister , Jaswant  singh escorting Masood Azhar and two others  to Kabul .

The same Jaish-e-Mohammad has claimed responsibility for Pulwama bombing.

The anger is against Pakistan in the firs place aiding and abetting the terrorist acts against India and secondly against radicalized  local Kashmiri terrorists for executing such heinous crimes at the behest of the Pakistan masters.

We need to be aware that every Kashmiri is not terrorist and not pay heed to the bigoted politicians  who vitiate the atmosphere by spreading hatred and inciting for violence against one and all.

The Prime Minister Narender Modi had assured the nation that the Pulwama attack will be retaliated and with much severity this time.

In September  2016 when Army camp was assaulted by terrorists who infiltrated from Pakistan into Uri sector in kashmir, Indian  army carried a  targeted surgical  counter attack.

Pakistan and ISI has been attacking rather bleeding India especially in Kashmir for last nearly three decades .

The surge in militancy in Kashmir in recent years have reached its zenith.  The aggressive Islamist  radicalization among educated younger generation is a matter of concern .and needs immediate redressal.

Insurgency related deaths have risen alarmingly in recent years.

The number of local recruits have been on the upswing since 2014

   YEAR     NUMBER OF RECRUITS.

   2013       16

   2014       53

   2015        66

   2016        88

   2017       120

   2018      164 (upto October)   Source Raj Sabha Q and A  27/3/2017 and 12/12/2018.  TOI.

 After Pulwama holocaust as evident in the melee of anger and vendetta, traders and students of Kashmir  valley were brazenly attacked in Jammu and other cities of the country. The students were thrown out of the hostels . In the  process of rage and rancor many innocent people got harmed

Again our PM Modiji’s assertion “not to harm any Kashmiri as the war is against terrorists and not against kashmiris “ brought some sanity among the hoodlums across the country.


India bombs Islamist Militants

Now after nearly 11 days  of Pulwama attack,

The act  of retaliation has shown to all in India and outside that India continues to be a strong composite nation to combat any eventuality on its own .

 in the wee hours of  the morning of 26th February 2019 twelve IAF Mirages 2000  attacked the terrorist camps in Balakote in Pakistan occupied Kashmir eliminating the Jaish-e-Mohammed training camps, thereby inflicting heavy casualities upon the terrorists, as per the statement of India’s Foreign Secretary Mr Vijay Gokhale. He further said a pre emptive strike was “ absolutely  necessary” to prevent further more attacks on our strategic military installations.

Our PM Narender Modi has demonstrated he   being a steadfast leader could not dither on taking such a resolute action.

In the past we have  fought two full fledged wars with Pakistan1965 and 1971 and defeated Pakistan both times.

In 1971, the defeat was colossal.Indira Gandhi ,a  determined strong willed leader dismembered Pakistan into Bangladesh and Pakistan with 90,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendering to Indian Army. The stature of India had zoomed to great heights in the comity of world nations.

Pakistan retaliates.

 Day after IAF struck and eliminated the terrorist camps in Balakote, Pakistan air force(PAF)  three F-16s  violated Indian air space in J&K on wednesday morning(27/2/19) in Nowshera and Krishna Ghati sectors of Poonch and Rajouri Districts tagetted the military installations with bombs, Indian two MIG 21 Bison chased the pakistani aircrafts  and in fact shot down one F-16 and it was spotted in Lam valley 3 kms inside  Pakistan territory.  Pakistan shot down  one MIG21Bison and captured wing commander Abhinandan Varthaman. 

Currently Wing Commander Abhinandan is in the Pakistan Army custody.

A few videos of the pilot emerged on social media. One showed him struggling to defend himself from the outrage of a mob in plainclothes in the middle of a forest, another showed him answering questions from Pakistani security forces.

Conclusions.  India and Pakistan have not been able to live like good neighbours from the day one and several wars were fought over Kashmir  without recourse to any permanent resolution to the contagious conflict.

in view of the aftermath of non military pre –emptive  strike at  Balakot by India following Jaish –e-Mohammad attack in Pulwama , capturing of IAF pilot by Pakistan,thus escalating the conflict between two nuclear armed neighbours high and definitely veering towards another possible war.

It is heartening to see the political class across party lines have conducted itself with sense of responsibility .

On the other hand our television studio warriors  are  indulging in irresponsible war mongerings. One is aghast to watch at paranoid crowds indulging into jingoism rather than  a sensible support for the authority to take right decision in the hour of crisis looming large over the country.

The people living on the borders of India,and in  the states like Punjab,J&K, Rajasthan ,Gujrat ,facing direct impact of war, understand it better than those living thousands of miles away from the boom of guns, air strikes and the loss of lives and the miseries it bring along with.

For instance in 1965 war , I was reading in College  and we were  living in the close  vicinity of Indian  Military concentration camp in ‘ChandMari’  just two kms away from our residence in Srinagar city. The guns boomed throughout day and night .The large number of infiltrators had sneaked in Kashmir and infiltrators were fighting in “Chand Mari” and  elsewhere in the city.  Indian Army finally flushed  out thousands of infiltrators with help of local Kashmiris. We were dying every day seeing the bullets zooming over our heads.

we have faced the trauma of war and fully aware of its  disastrous consequences.

There will be some steps to be taken as follows.

 Firstly we  must help the Govt to bring back the wing Commander Abhinandan safe and sound .

 Secondly the Govt of India should try other options like using diplomatic channels to put pressure on the world leaders and UNO to punish Pakistan for nurturing militants on their soil to settle  scores with India .

 Thirdly India is a large democracy and we must try all options before embarking upon a full fledged war bound to bring miseries to the teeming millions for no fault of theirs.

The decision needs to be taken with sobriety and in a cool headed state of mind not by flashy muscles .