The Sea life is bountiful with its diversity of c o l o u r f u l coral cities and blooming seasons of the seas.


                                                     Colourful Seas 


Underwater Coral Cities ;

 Sea life exhibits an immense diversity of c o l o u r f u l shapes in the coral reefs. Such dazzling phenomenon of varied c o l o u r s can hardly be seen anywhere on the earth.

Coral reefs form the underwater cities of the seas, crowded bustling ones with creature communities belonging to animal kingdom.The coral reef world grows  in the myriads of dazzling colours ,creeping, burrowing worms ,flower like sea anemones crustaceans . Some animals exhibit their brilliant colourations to attract a mate ,others being camouflaged to scare away the potential predators.


The reef builds large cup coral polyps with food gathering tentacles.

Slowly year by year ,a coral reef grows as million of tiny animals ,the limestone skeletons in millions of polyps accumulate to form the mighty coral reefs in the sea water.

The reef itself is craftsmanship of the living things.

The corals change minerals dissolve into limestone.

The Clams tubeworms give hard part to the skeletons of the reef. The Algae repair the rough edges of the reef by cementing powdered remains of one celled organisms to fill the tiniest openings.

Formed over thousands of years ,say centuries together ,the coral reefs expand around a couple of inches every year and thus extend to the miles together. The largest reef ; Great Barrier Reef , is nearly 1300miles along the north-eastern coast of Australia.

It could supply limestone to build eight million replicas of Egypt’s largest Pyramid.

The coral reef is dynamic process of creation not a static structure of a man.

It is never ending process ,some animals building it some tearing it ,resulting in crevices, tunnels burrows and ledges.

Reef Building Corals abound and grow in warm clear shallow waters.

There are three types of Coral growths ;

1Fringing reefs extending directly from the shore

2.Barrier reefs run parallel to the shore but separated by deep waters

3.Atolls , which are circular ones enclosing the quiet lagoons.


SEA FAN  Thousands of tiny polyps  fringe sea fan’s branches during night and contract during day into skelton


A small Atoll is having zones above and below water surface with plants and animals.

Each Atoll and Reef are different from others.

Atoll reef on the lagoon side ,the shore slopes down to the base of the water . The lagoon waterline falls and rises with the tides .The snails escape the heat of the shore and bury themselves deep into the coral rubble.

On the sloping side of lagoon reefs corals grow abundantly and many beautiful shaped corals grow , some slender tapering ones ,getting interwined, and many others heavy and massive.


Growing Coral Colonies.

 A coral colony usually consist of thousand polyps , arising from single individual. The fertilized eggs of

Of reef building corals grow into free swimming larvae , the larges sized about 1/25 inch long.

A larvae settles down on a surface with mouth upwards ,it secretes a limestone cup around itself and spends rest of life in this external skeleton.

Surrounding the mouth are delicate food gathering tentacles that collect plankton from the water.

As time speds away each new polyp buds in turn and thus grows closely knit coral community in beautiful colours ,brown ,lavender, yellow greens etc.


A reef colony is huge complex of many colonies and kinds of corals mostly growing on limestone laid down for generations. The Great Reef Barrier contains more than 350 species and millions of active colonies.

The reef colonies of this earth exist within radius of 3,600 mile wide band ,about 30 degrees north and south of Equator, roughly from the northern latitude of Florida to that of southern Brazil.

A giant single polyp housed in a stony skelton up to up to 7 inches long , called mushroom coral , is oldest and most beautiful of corals.




Coral Reefs  in colourful display.



Seas, a source of magnificient discoveries , fascinating ,luring mankind to its fathoms for more and more revelations unknown and unheard ,much to the amazement of human minds.










I can behold the murky

Melancholy evening

Dark clouds looming dooming

Over Jammu horizons

 She lay there on the bed

turning scratching

her head

Panting gasping

for breath

like a wounded bird

Breathing in and out

Without a whimper

or a word

 Fingers wriggling

Limbs flailing

eyes vacant

Tears frozen

I stand in anger

and remorse

  The lightening struck

The soul wafted from her body

And she lay

still serene


eternal peace

 I kissed her forehead


my tears moisten

and rolled down.

 The curtain fell

And I watched

the flames leaping

wrapping her fragile

body .

she vanished into blissful


Leaving me to gather

her remnants to be

immersed in the waters

Of Holy Ganges.



I cross the road listlessly alone

On the Morn of murky melancholy


Carrying the beacon of Family light

With little or no mirth

Trying absorb the mysterious

Game of death and birth

Tears well up in my eyes

As I look up to the skies

For some bliss.


On the passing away of my little sis

Nichi lal

Once frolicking rollicking like

A doll

And now drowsing deep into fathoms of


I stand desperate

Chest heaving ,

And someone tells me

Succinctly it is time to be brave

Instantly I come out of reverie.


A tower of Patience

with iron will power

She fought like a valiant

Setting standards winning admiration

For her humility and talent.


I cross the road listlessly alone

On the Morn of murky melancholy


Tears well up in my eyes

As I delve deep into the skies

For the bliss of my departed angel.

Never to return.






 SHE is beautiful

As I see her

SHE is glistening

Like a morning dew

While resting on pew

Her roving tinsel eyes

Groping the blue skies

   for my sensuous


SHE is beautiful

As I see her

gorgeous glowing

in the Moonlite

   Of chilling starry


          Rambling around

                      Trudging on dandelions

                     With furtive glances

                    She fades in

                          Cloudy forest .

                           crossing over rivulet

                          the placid water

                             rippling around her

                         bare legs


                             lures me to walk


                               SHE is beautiful

                               As I see her

                                    With aquiline face

                                                                                              And her

                                         Crimson complexion

                                        Coquettish smile

                                             Lunges me to

                                             Wrap her in my

                                             Warm clasp


                                                      drown in celestial

                                                  beauty for





Kashmir continues to be a festering wound and needs   remedy to heal it up permanently.

All genuine efforts from Jawaharlal Nehru to sheikh Abdullah, Indira Gandhi to Shaikh Abdullah , Tashkent agreement ,Simla agreement,

Vajapayee’s Agra Summit ,Lahore Declaration were made from time to time to bring sanity to the permanent solution and make people of Kashmir prosperous responsible citizens of the country.

But every time some disgruntled elements of the valley ,at the behest of Pakistan , fomented trouble and finally joined militancy to threaten peace loving Kashmiris to follow their dictates. Thus jeopardizing any attempt to heal up the wound permanently.

The Central Government over the years has always made efforts to reach out to stakeholders in the valley to help in keeping situation more or less under control.

Surgical Strike

Since the surgical strike the Central government and J&Kgovernment adopted a tough stand to deal with the situation to root out the militancy completely from the valley.

The counter insurgency operation has been on the upswing.

The number of militants killed since 2017 till date is 138 including 60 locals reported to be highest in the decade.

The top commanders of Hizbul including yasin Yatoo has been killed by Government forces.

Recently ( 26th August) at least eight security persons were killed by three JeM fidayeen militants at police lines pulwama .

Interestingly it has been a year since the surgical strike in Occupied Kashmir carried out by special forces of Indian Army ,having no desire for bilateral talks to pursue peace, the two acrimonious neighbours are simply engaged to firing across the borders in Jammu and Kashmir .They resorted to calling names in global forums. Just a few days back the External Minister Sushma Swaraj at UNO General Assembly termed Pakistan “exporter of terror”.To which the permanent representative of Pakistan Maleeh Lodhi responded India is “mother of terrorism’ in south Asia.


The people of Kashmir thus are caught in the melee ,and subsequently with each passing day the political situation worsens in the valley of Kashmir.

The college girls, boys filled the streets to give vent to their grievances and fight for their future. In the past Girls ,young women did not join protestors as such. The unique protests carried out by younger generation became a matter of concern .

The J&K government under C M MehboobaMufti earlier advocated talks with all stake holders irrespective of their political affliations ,but the Central government did not agree to her pleas .

Mehbooba Mufti said “Only way to face this new reality is that instead of using Kashmir as a political issue to divide public opinion, parties across the political divide should come together and country should be united on Kashmir”.

“There is no other way to resolve Kashmir other than dialogue with parties involved “


Ray of Hope

 A ray of hope upon the gloomy Kashmir horizon was brightly seen as PM Mr Narendar Modi pitched for “love and “compassion”message in his 15th August address from the Famous Red Fort, as only possible solution to militancy problem in Kashmir.This was followed by the visit of Home Minister shri Raj Nath to the valley to pursue peace process in Kashmir much admired and applauded by one and all.

Challenges Ahead

The challenges to bring back the people of Kashmir aboard Indian vessel are many but the most prominent ones could be following.

  1.   To preempt any large scale protests seen in the previous  year.

This needs earnest efforts to integrate with masses and youth in particular and try       to understand the problems and work out the solutions..

  1.  Stop Kashmiri youth to join militancy.


It is reported that about 80 young Kashmiri men joined militant ranks this year.


  1.  Stop identifying every Kashmiri with a militant.

For instance I interacted with Kashmiri youths in Train to Jammu in April2017.

“whenever I introduce myself as a Kashmiri and muslim,I am termed as anti –       national.” Said Ali Mohmmad an IT engineer working in Bangalore.

“my political position is to follow peace and work for my living. When people distrust  me I feel disturbed.”

I replied trying to re-assure him “all this is due to certain elements you know better ,  mostly external forces, who try to wedge a deep divide and we must fight such forces  together. The whole Nation will be with you ”.

“Let God listen to your prayers sir .” He replied hoping for a better tomorrow.

4.       To involve women in Kashmir and empower them with responsibilities in administrative tasks to look after poor and needy .This should help to integrate the youth to a great extent.
















Behold the Beach girl

Sweet and sour

Thunderous wonderous

reaching out just


amuse me with legions

of Love .

with almost no attire

the beach girl beckoning

 in a leap

sweeps me off the feet

into recesses of sea

so blue deep.

fighting the tides


spring and neap.

In her tight clasp

Tossing plunging

I melt down to

her sensuous passion.


Turbulent tempestuous


Storming to the shore.

Behold the beach girl

Garrulous gorgeous


enticing and engulfing


to the ecstacy


passionate bliss.




Somewhere someone is

always beautiful

The little bewitching Tuwashi

clinging and frisking

like a duck on to the

bosom of her Mum

      babbling sweet


             Little chirpy Yukti

             Sizzling Zitni

               Hovering over little


                      Giggling folding

                      Arms in leisure


                        Wrap her

                              In  pleasure

                                         somewhere someone is

                                        Always beautiful

                                                     Faraway in Deodar forests

                                                       The chirping sparrows

                                                                Cuckoo birds cooing gleefully


                                                     Dancing peacocks 

                                                              Somewhere someone is

                                                               Always beautiful

                                                                     The brimming lass

                                                                          With stunning look


                                                                              By the sideof

                                                                                       Gurgling brook

                                                                                                   For someone handsome


                                                                                             hold her hands


                                                                                                     Sing a song of


                                                                                                                Somewhere someone is

                                                                                                                 Always beautiful

                                                                                                                    Somewhere something is

                                                                                                                     Always beautiful