WORLD AT A GLANCE by Brij Kaul

CHILE

 According to the World Bank Report Chile has been one of South America’s fastest-growing economies in recent decades. Following neo –liberal reforms in 1980s and 1990s — lowering Taxes ,cutting public benefits and taking a host of other reforms   setting stage for economic renaissance, enabled the country to reduce the population living in poverty (on US$ 5.5 per day) from 30 percent in 2000 to 6.4 percent in 2017. with a brief sluggish growth (1.3%)in 2017,the economy bounced back in 2018 to 4percent.The lower interest rates and higher copper prices revitalized mining production and gave great impetus to the economy.

The central government debt declined for the first time in six years, from 2.7 percent of GDP in 2017 to 1.7 percent in 2018 due to increased revenue.

Despite facing various challenges in different forms Chile Government is making efforts to rationalize the tax system, facilitate employment mobility, improve the pension system , facilitating the linkage between education and lobour market, and strengthening the financial system to maintain growth and any vulnerability to external risks..

On the social front the Governmentt is enhancing the quality of health and education to women for their participation in labour market to alleviate poverty amongst the middle class.

The World Bank helps the Chile Government in implementing a technical and financial assistance programme in areas with a strong impact on development.

For instance in last four years The World Bank has done nearly 30 studies in areas of higher education, health, water, institutional development and land development.

The Financial assistance to the tune of USD50 million dollars to strengthen Public universities and thus put a heavy thrust on higher education.

The number of full-time faculty members who hold PhDs has increased from 5,109 in 2011 to 7,883 in March 2016. Additionally, studies by World Bank experts provided input for key changes in legislation to improve the accreditation quality assurance system and the accountability of institutions,

Additionally, the World Bank is providing USD500million as financial protection for natural disasters like earthquake risks.

The Bank has funded project supported the design of over 45 regional plans, 250 infrastructure projects like roads, water and sanitation, energy and other productive activities in different regions of the country. Approximately 320,000 people benefited from improved infrastructure, land planning and implementation of development programmes.

International Finance Corporation has also helped the country in focussing on the activities with a strong potential for development with reference to small and medium-sized industries, energy, education and agribusiness.

Around 80 ,000 teachers went on strike seeking reform in the education system,as the Chilean law does not ensure education as public right ,hence the private sector exploits the admissions etc through voucher system thus depriving the poor ones from acquiring the rightful education.

Despite all such social drawbacks Chile is on the economic upswing.

 Germany

Descendants from Nazis

The Germany Interior minister Horse Seehofer in.” a statement said “Germany must live up to its historical responsibilities, He wanted to help people whose parents or grandparents had to flee.”   “with the legal degrees which come into force from Friday we will create a swift ruling that is immediately valid for these people to get German Citizenship.” He continued.

Germany will enforce two decrees to make it easier for people, mainly Jews, who fled ,between 1933 and 1945, to Britain, the Nazi regime because of persecution, as well as their descendents to have their German citizenship restored.

The Brexit decision fuelled the campaign by the descendents whose applications for German citizenship have been rejected despite constitutional guarantees provided by the law.

Article 116 (2) of Germany’s Basic Law denotes that former German citizens and their descendents between 1933 and 1945 deprived of their citizenship on political, racial or religious grounds can have their citizenship restored.

Germany currently received more than 1,500 applications from Britain under Article 116 in both 2017 and 2018 and are keen to give their assent to the same thus make amends for the historical mishap.

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MY STORY Journey of challenges Part 3(Continued). by BrijKaul

 

In the quest of better future my work carried me from one challenge to another.

In Corporate career one needs to be upright in latest knowledge about your area of expertise day in and day out, as the innovations are flowing and not static ones. The management expects one to be productive in providing solutions not only to problems at hand but to tide over the unforeseen situations out of one’s bond as well.

If you fail to rise to the occasion your future is in jeopardy.

It was early February morning in 1980 I was being driven in company car from my residence, in Rishikesh Town to the Glass factory(BILT GLASS) in Virbhadra ,a distance of about 6 kms over the green hill slope .

The drive, a small one ,but quite picturesque with green hilly pastures all along the route.

The sun light was falling on to the trees lining the slopes ,the trees gobbled the light before scattering it down on to the car window panes , I squinching my eyes shut, reopening again when away from the splattering sun rays.

The driver finally honked the horn at the factory gate and it opened ajar allowing me to get down before parking the car at the right place.

“ good —- good morning sir” a few workers said as I strolled on the tarmac road leading to the production hall.

I continued my walk into the hall to my cabin in the farthest corner of the Inspection lines.

The view of machines was clear and the gobs of glass falling speedily on to the formation moulds presented a spectacular view of manufacturing. The hot glinting bottles were travelling on the belt in a sequence one after another without falling off the corners. A perfect co-ordination in place to watch and admire.

As I settled down in my chair in my not so tidy cabin ,bottle samples strewn everywhere ,I cleared my table of the knick knacks and looked at the daily production report with a sense of satisfaction ,the rejection percentage staggering between 8 to 10 percent on all m/cs.

“Good Morning sir” G S Rawat my assistant quality control officer said extending his hand for a handshake ,I held his hand saying “very Good Morning dear Rawatji”.

He briefed me about the quality reports of the night shift and apprised me for the quality clearance of the liquor bottles’ consignments on urgent basis to the dispatch section.

 Tackling the quality Issues.

 Tring tring   tring —the telephone rang ,I picked up the receiver , “hello Good Morning sir” I blurted out .

“ Good morning Kaul sahib .will you come in my cabin for important meeting” . Mr Gupta sahib spoke hurriedly from the other end. I hung up the telephone and left the cabin to meet Mr S.C. Guptaji , our revered works Manager . Guptaji was highly qualified engineer ,experienced in the container glass manufacturing I.S.machines . He was very soft spoken but supportive and knew his job well. It was a great honour to work with him.

“ There is serious complaint in Rooh Afza bottles. you will have to go to Ghaziabad to find out the problem . We have supplied around ten lakh bottles and you need to study the problem while observing their filing line.” Mr Gupta Sahib said nonchalantly .

“Let us see the GM MR Bushan “ he continued.

Guptaji and myself had discussion with Mr Bushan GM. “kaulji the stakes are high .we have further order of 50 lakh for these bottles ,in case we fail to address the issue satisfactorily, we all will have to face an awkward situation leaving aside huge financial loss to the company.. So kindly do your best.” Mr Bushan emphasized upon the gravity of the matter.

“ With your and God’s grace I will do my utmost to resolve the issue amicably .” I replied with an air of finality.

“ Mr kaul go to H.O and meet Marketing head Mr CPSharmaji and then proceed to the plant in Ghaziabad. Donot go without meeting him.” Mr Bushan said cooly.

Meanwhile I asked my assistant G.S.Rawat to take up a large sample at random from different lots mouldwise of the particular stocked production and make a report for the following quality parameters

  1.  Cracks /Neck /Body 2. perpendicularity.3. wall thickness variations. 4 wt, capacity and 5 Neck dimensions .

Rawatji was quick to make a detailed report and it gave me an idea of the quality of the product under complaint. The report was well within norms . A simple guide line to main action plan.

Taking leave of Gupta Sahib, promising to give daily reports on phone ,I accordingly proceeded to Delhi to attend to the aggrieved customer in Sahibabad industrial area.

The journey from Rishikesh to Delhi was not an easy one but dreary long one to be completed in about six hours taking recourse at intervals to roadside stands selling tea, coffee ,snacks, squash juice and at wayside restaurants for food rest and easing oneself in the wash rooms adequately maintained.

The Cheetal Restauarant with large accommodation ,scalloped counters with huge leather stools was the best wayside one for eating a sumptuous meal dinner or lunch .

A coffee venting m/c in the corner ,the hot black fluid pouring down and when stopped, a squirt of milk coming down with sugar cubes beside the cup. A real treat to watch and enjoy the hot cup.

Such centers for food rest were maintained beautifully with lawns and flowers. At the front near the gates were huge parking places for vehicles to be lined up . we parked ours and straightway walked into the main hall.

I had a hurried dinner in the most delighted place, with Bollywood background music.

The night was dark but pleasant enough to lull oneself to a sweet slumber. The cab driver drove past the heavy loaded trucks that moved on the roads; suddenly there was rain and it rained incessantly ,the rain drummed on the roof of the car and wind-shields wipers moved rapidly allowing the driver to see through the   large hazy window pan.

we reached Delhi early morning and made straight to the Bilt H.O on Janpath Cannaught place.

Mr C.P.Sharma GM Glass Marketing was in his usual affable spirits.

“Kaul sahib ,kindly see the complaint is resolved.

Mr Bhalla will come with you but you need to manage on your own as he is going to see other customers for more urgent work.” Mr Sharma said briefly.

“ No issue Sharmaji , I will manage if he is too busy.” I snapped

I started to move but Sharma ji asked me to have some tea and snacks. However I managed to take leave of Sharmaji finally.

At   ROOH AFZA Plant Ghaziabad I and Mr Bhalla met the GM ,a bearded hefty man in his fiftees ,welcomed us in a very friendly manner “Hello Mr Bhalla pleased to met you .” The gentleman said without moving from his chair. “ we have some problems with your consignments. as conveyed to you already kindly look into the same .” he pleaded. He called for his engineer , and asked us to interact with him .

“ Hello Mr Kaul , do you remember me Javed Akhtar ”   the gentleman said extending his hand towards me “ yes I think we have met somewhere.” I replied briefly.

“ way back in 1976 in Mohan Meakin Breweries Solan” He elaborated.

‘ Yes got it you are Javed ,oh ,I see ,how come to be here” I enquired

“ I am working here as Maintenance engineer now. You are from Kashmir kaul sir” He continued, pointing to Mr Bhalla.

“Kaul sir is an expert in glass line I learnt a lot from him”

Mr bhalla nodded in assent.

After discussions it was decided I should stay back to study the problem at the trial run .

Mr Bhalla took my leave and I went to the plant to run ROOH AFZA bottles.

I judged that the main conveyor belt was not in tune with the speed of the filing m/cs and some of the bottles wobbled especially around every turn table and thus fell off the corners giving huge breakages.

I requested Mr Javed to adjust the speed to reduce wobbling and thus salvage the breakage of bottles. Meanwhile I got the turn table revolutions synchronized to the movement of the bottles.

Javed was quick to understand the problem and put his junior engineer on the job.

Soon after these adjustments the breakages were considerably reduced and I could envisage a definite possibility of resolution of the issue.

Now the second issue was to enhance the production to the required level of packing 60,000 bottles per day. we checked with the current speed and improved situation nearly 50,000 bottles could be packed. The m/c speed was to be increased by nearly five to eight bottles per/minute in order to reach the required level of production taking a negligible breakage into consideration.

Javed promised that he would increase the speed after making requested maintenance work of both filing m/cs as well as conveyor belts .

Next day we started fresh with much improved conditions sought after seeking maintenance of the equipment . The filing m/c speeds were enhanced to be in tune with adjustant conveyor belts .It worked wonders for the bottle line , rarely a stray bottle now wobbled and broke off the corner.

At the end of the day Javed informed me that production has been packed to optimum level with almost no breakage.

I conveyed to Works Manager Mr .Guptaji about two days results. He was glad to hear that bottles were being filled problem free and the issue largely resolved.

I told him that we could think of having knurling on the bottom of the bottles to give stability and thus avoid wobbling completely. Mr Guptaji agreed not only to make some changes like one I suggested but also made some design changes in the blanks for better durability to the ware.

Mr S.GUPTAJI was brilliant in engineering innovations of glass container Industry, thus Bilt Glass had double whammy advantage to their competitors in terms of technical superiority..

Needless to say not only the current stock was consumed during my stay at the plant but our Marketing people managed to get repeat orders as well.

THE FOREST OF PINES. BY BRIJKAUL

I walk up the ascending twisting road high

with

merciless Sun laughing a pitiless laugh

overhead the blue sky.

no breeze a close day

moving on at a leisurely pace

in no hurry or race

unmindful of the ascent ahead the way

eager

to be in company of my love

the love of my childhood.

gorgeous glistening glittering

Sangeeta my Sangeeta

 a bewitching beauty

hollering

from the bend of the road

‘come my smarty be my love’

rolling down to catch me, hug me

enroute

to the dense forest of pines.

enticing me more than

rivers temples and shrines

the sloping verdures the environs

Sombre

lull me to a sweet slumber

Sangeeta delightfully delightful

in the shimmering attire

singing love satire

holding

my hands pulling me up the hill

oh my gosh she is so pretty

such a pril.

LOKHSABHA ELECTIONS AND AFTERMATH By Brij Kaul

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi, pulled off a resounding victory in the general elections for Bhartiya Janta Party winning 303 seats, a record in itself for the party since its inception way back in early fifties.

( In 1951 Shyama Prasad Mukherjee founded Jan Sangh ,which much later was renamed Bhartiya Janta Party . In 1952 Jan Sangh won 03 seats in the election.)

The Congress, in contrast, was routed despite Rahul Gandhi’s spirited untiring campaign against the mighty BJP.

The rout of the congress is more unpalatable in view of Congress victories in the Hindi heartland states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh in straight fights with BJP just four months back.

The results largely indicated that the voters treated the 2019 Lok Sabha elections differently than assembly ones, though differential treatment is not commonly observed in Indian political scenario.

Normally the party that wins state elections is winning the Lok Sabha elections as well.

But this time the election was fought more personality centric rather than on the issues facing the nation and the people at large.

Rahul Gandhi by quitting as President of the Congress Party has demonstrated his sincerity in accepting his defeat and relinquishing office of power on “accountability “ and thus setting an example in itself for the present power hungry politicians not in India only but all over the world who love to go overboard to cling to power any way.

That again keeps him par apart from the run of the mill leaders.

Also looking at the Congress Party’s apathy for not finding his adequate replacement for more than eight weeks now has manifested to a great extent that he was holding the pedestal position on his own merits rather than on the “dynasty” tag.

In his four page resignation letter he has attempted to address to the Congress Party failures.

The letter says “I personally fought the Prime Minister, the RSS and the institutions they have captured with all my being… At times, I stood completely alone and I am extremely proud of it,” he writes. Gandhi does not stop here. He goes on: “We did not fight a political party in the 2019 election. Rather we fought the entire machinery of the Indian state, every opposition of which was marshalled against the opposition. It is now crystal clear that our once cherished institutional neutrality no longer exists in India”. He further writes “

“I personally fought the Prime Minister, the RSS and the institutions they have captured with all my being… At times, I stood completely alone and I am extremely proud of it,” thus accepting at the lacunae of Congress Party ‘s efforts .

The failure in finding a successor to Rahul Gandhi is hurting the party badly in states like Karnataka, Goa .The Congress leaders both old and young ones are reluctant to come out of the respective safety zones and work with zeal and zest to galavanise the party to its semblance.

The younger leaders do not want the old guards to take charge and hence in a fix as how to break the shackles.

The 2019 results show a definite pro- BJP shift in the India’s body polity. The Party’s vote share was 37% overall.

Normally The Congress has been fighting more seats than BJP. But this time BJP had contested 436 seats and the congress only 421 seats suggesting for the first time a bigger political presence than the Congress. The BJP leders have been able to drive unprecedented large chunk of Hindu voters to consolidate behind BJP and its allies. , thus managing successfully to torpedo the dominance of Congress on the Indian Political spectrum thus making religion–based approach to politics in contrast to Congress’s inclusive politics. Having said so The Congress did manage to get nearly 21% (12 crores )of votes for its vociferous campaign for inclusive politics looking to the multi religious ,multi lingual , multi caste geographical structure of India.

That was not enough to browbeat the mighty BJP who got around 37% (22crores) votes to enjoy a graceful victory after a long time probably first time in the election annals.

Now with full majority BJP should relentlessly devote its energies to the development and building infrastructure to push the country further towards progress and prosperity.

Conclusion

BJP should not fritter away this magnificient opportunity rather use it to bolster the economy to new heights and thus alleviate the poorest of poor from the abysmal poverty, hunger and deprivation.

It is well known fact that big business men of this country  have every time stood by the Govts of the day and thus pedaled off their   ambitious projects to successful ends.

The recent Tax terrorism started by the Govt has driven one of the biggest entrepreneurs to commit suicide.

The Income Tax authorities need to be tough but friendly to impress upon such people to pay the taxes without harassment as such. The Govt needs to have a re-look on the procurement mechanism of unpaid taxes so that people volunteer to come forward to pay taxes gladly.

On the political front, BJP’s image as a party with vision is badly impaired. This is on account of ,first ,toppling of Karnataka State Govt and secondly because of the way Kuldeep singh Senegar case was handled. He ought to have been expelled long ago for bringing disgrace to the Party.

It is not enough to give lecture on morality every month by the honoured PM but prevent untoward happenings being practiced by ruthless politicians on ground.

The PM Narender Modi should be alert enough to address to the vulgarity of rape and child abuse.

On the reckless chatter of troop movements in Kashmir Valley ,a rumour is being surfaced in Srinagar that Govt is intending to do something with the special status ,let us wait and watch what is in the offing for the people of the valley at last.

THE CLOUDS by brij kaul

 

Before keeping her feet on the floor

Mohini

went through her typical morning

pandiculation process of yawning

In

a stately gait barefeet walking

across the long corridor

peeking through the window

The fluffy dark dank clouds loomed across

limitless sky

grumbling   growling   threatening

season’s first rainfall

in moment of minutes

it

rained heavily, a torrential downpour

quenching thirst of the parched earth

with

 full gaiety gusto  and mirth

Mohini joins the dancing group

of

men women children boys girls

old young infirm healthy

the incessant rains slithering down

fleshy bosoms and soggy countours

swaying hips and swinging bodies

to the rhythm of spattering waters.

The rolling clouds engulfing the lagoons

Mohini

swirling singing lapping up to

entrancing

nature cooling off her torrid

sensuality.

.

DONALD TRUMP AND KIM JONG ON PEACE MISSION By Brijkaul

20190708_151509

Trump  and  Kim  Jong in deep conversation  in North Korea. Sunday .

 

American President Trump’s brief encounter with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in North Korea’s fortified demilitarized zone on Sunday (30/6/19) seen as a major move to bring two warring American and North Korean diplomats to the negotiating table. The two leaders agreed to re-start the negotiations.

Greeted by an agile smiling Mr. Kim, the president stepped at 3:46 p.m. local time and walked about 20 paces to the base of a building on the North Korean side for starting long stalled talks in an unprecedented friendly manner.

“It is good to see you again,” an excited hopeful Mr. Kim told the president . “I never expected to meet you in this place.”

“Big moment, big moment,” Mr. Trump replied back

Mr. Trump soon after escorted Mr. Kim over the line into South Korea, slipping inside the building known as Freedom House for a private conversation along with President Moon Jae-in of South Korea. The meeting lasted over an hour

Mr. Trump said he would invite Mr. Kim to visit him at the White House.

“This has a lot of significance because it means that we want to bring an end to the unpleasant past and try to create a new future,” Mr. Kim told reporters. “So it’s a very courageous and determined act.”

“Stepping across that line was a great honor,” Mr. Trump replied. “A lot of progress has been made, a lot of friendships have been made, and this has been in particular a great friendship.”

Mr. Trump clarified he and Mr. Kim had agreed to designate negotiators to resume talks in the next few weeks. The American team would be led by Stephen Biegun, the special envoy , however the North Korean side head was yet to be announced.

Trump had already plans to meet Kim Jong in DMZ during his trip to South Korea but he protrayed it as a spontaneous decision in his usual flamboyant manner.  Source  N.Y.T

Background to Korean dispute.,P

it is necessary to know background to Korean dispute visa vis Japan and recently with USA.

Korea was ruled by Japanese Imperial Government under Japan –Korea annexation treaty in 1910 until the second world war in 1945, resulting in South Korea and North Korea. separated by DMZ .South Korea being patronized by Japan and United states and North Korea by Soviet Union and China. Later The Soviet Union influence wanned and China remains the sole mentor .

Recently there were positive efforts by the leaders of both South Korea and North Korea to discuss inter-Korea relations and to take positive steps towards denuclearization.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and Moon Jae-in of South Korea met for 3 days summit in Pyongyang on 18th September 2018 to deliberate on reunification of two Koreas. A delgation of 50 leaders in business and politics,sports culture from South Korea met the counter part from North Korea and recognized the importance of fostering trust a common vision for building good relations and thus lay strong foundation for ultimate reunification.

Trump visualized the role of United States to ease the long standing dispute and thus supported Moon Jae –in’s efforts for reconciliation .

Trump’s Gamble

Trump virtually gambled that the gesture of amity could break the nuclear logjam underlying his faith in the  prowess of his diplomatic skills even to deal with kooky persons like Kim Jong-un.

More than halfway through his term, Mr. Trump is hoping against hope that a resolution to the vexed problem apart from bringing much awaited peace finally, could also yield dividends to his re-election campaign.

Even a modest success in reconciliation with North Korea would mean a lot to uphold his grip over his critics who are hell bent on not giving any credit to Trump for reducing the tension with North Korea.

Although Mr. Trump was confident that nobody can deny the fact that during his tenure North Korea has suspended nuclear tests, released detained American soldiers and handed over to the United States the remains of American soldiers killed in the war.

“There’s no reason to regard the current situation as a stalemate in the peace process on the peninsula just because the pace has remained slow,” said South Korean President Moon Jae-in. All others agreed broadly that tension has reduced in the region and Mr Moon praised Mr Trump as “the peace maker of the Korean Penunsula”

The Singapore meeting between Mr Trump and Mr Kim was a step towards reconciliation and some possible promises to eliminate Pyongyang’s nuclear arsenal. Their second meeting in Hanoi was complete failure as Kim did not comply with the promises made in first meeting.

The stalemate continued for a long time.

But suddenly in the recent past weeks Mr Kim exchanged some letters with Mr Trump promising some positive upbeat in the diplomatic relations.   source   Politico  Times of India

Conclusions.

The Bromance between two leaders finally made possible the third meeting in North Korea on 30th June 2019. hoping to resolve the long standing conflict amicably.

Mr. Kim said he knew nothing about a possible meeting until the president’s tweet.

“I don’t think this kind of surprise meeting would have happened without the excellent personal relationship between your excellency and me,” he told Mr. Trump in Freedom House.

Though the path to peace remains slow but both leaders show renewed enthusiasm and determination to overcome the fiery rhetoric and long standing animosity with peace and love letters .

THE BEAUTIFUL DREAM by BRIJKAUL

In the beautiful dream

I found her sitting on the edge of a

stream

with bare feet dipping down

into running placid waters

unmindful

of anything that matters

around

countenance lovely and fair

looking soulful and dear

I stealthily amble on and on

and once close by I whisper

‘hello my angel’

startled out of a reverie

she

fumbles ‘oh ; you made me scare’

‘never mind my dear

love you I swear’

her stunning looks

shook

my mind and the maze of sensuous

thought

drowned me deep into the fathom of her

heart

holding my head in her hands she rained

down kisses on my glowing visage

 I

gleefully responding cooing mingling

the melody of love making.

On

waking up I saw her

fast sleeping besides me

with that blissful

beauty.